Masoyi is a small tribal area consisting of six villages located within the Nsikazi District in Mpumalanga province. Masoyi is approximately 30 minutes from White River, a small town that is in close proximity to the Kruger National Park. The area has a population of approximately 330,000 people, of which 36% are believed to be HIV positive (AVERT 2012). Prior to the advent of democracy, Masoyi was within a former homeland area created by the Apartheid regime. Homelands were largely rural, under-resourced areas and were isolated from economic opportunity. For this reason, the area is characterized by low levels of infrastructure and high levels of unemployment. Members of the community often travel far to find work in surrounding towns. Others live away from home and remit wages to their families. This dislocation of families has contributed to the high numbers of people infected with HIV/AIDS. The area is not far from Mozambique and Swaziland and experiences movement of people between countries.
As the incident of HIV/AIDS increases, there are a growing number of granny and child-headed households emerging. Increasing numbers of households are afflicted by poverty due to loss of breadwinners to HIV/AIDS and families are absorbing the costs of caring for the sick.